Posts Tagged ‘Hip Replacement Infection’
Those people who have severe hip damage they get their hip replaced by a surgery known as hip replacement surgery. In hip replacement the damaged cartilage and bone from your hip joint is replaced with new man-made parts by surgeons or hip replacement doctors. By this replacement surgery your walking, other related movements and working of your hip joint gets better. Even the pain related to the hip joint gets a relief.
The hip replacement doctors always recommend the hip replacement surgery if a person have hip damage and pain and also prefer physical therapy with it because medicines and exercises don’t help if a person has problems regarding hip joint. But there is a possible problem after surgery, the problem of hip dislocation . This problem occurs because the original hip joint is bigger than the man-made hip that’s why there is a chance that the ball may come out of its socket. Blood clots and infections may also cause after the surgery. Jogging and high-impact sports must be avoided after the surgery.
Hip replacement doctors and specialists are found in the category of bone, joint and orthopedic specialists. The categories are:
• Orthopedic surgery.
• Neuromusculoskeletal medicine.
• Rheumatology (Arthritis/Joint Pain).
• Pediatric Rheumatology (Child Joint Health).
Among hip replacement doctors, occupational therapist is a possible medical professional that might help the patient in getting improved and may also get involved in diagnosis, treatment or management for hip replacement. Occupational therapist is a medical specialist and he deals with workplace health and safety. He even deals with rehabilitation and also assists people to achieve independent living. Occupational therapist help those people who are ill and disable learn to manage their daily life activities.
In any treatment of any disease or physical problem one should make a team of professionals who help the person in getting well as soon as possible because in such matters point of view of different experts of the same field matter a lot as it is a matter of life.
There are two methods for total hip surgery in today’s modern surgery. The most common method for the elderly is to secure the replacement hip in a bone with bone cement. The reason for this is that the bones of elderly people are soft and using cement ensures that the replacement hip will not become loose. The modern surgery uses a stainless steel replacement hip that is inserted into the upper leg bone and secured by bone cement ensuring immediate stability.
The surgeon will shape the inverse of the hip bone and secure a synthetic piece of material using bone cement . The connection is immediately secure. This method is still the most recommended worldwide after more than 40 years. A replaced hip can be expected to last at least 10 years before needing replaced, but it is quite common for them to last 20 years.
The second method of total hip surgery that is commonly performed, is replacing the joint without the use of bone cement. This procedure entails fitting titanium trunks into the leg bone (femur). This method of hip replacement without the use of bone cement means that it is normally about two weeks before the replacement hip is totally secure to the femur. After the surgery the patient usually needs to use crutches for about 6-8 weeks. There are alternatives to total hip surgery available:
This treatment does not use surgery but is a pain control method. If you feel that you can control the pain with the use of pain killers such as paracetamol then obviously that is better for you. If you are happy with your mobility and are not having an exceptional amount of discomfort, you may choose to delay the surgery and monitor the pain and mobility in your hip.
This procedure is very effective for younger patients but it is very rarely performed. The procedure is done by fusing the acetabulum to the femur head to relieve the pain. The activity is not restricted in the same way as in a joint replacement. This is an excellent procedure if the patient is otherwise healthy and has no problems with mobility of the back. It entails plates and screws being fixed internally. On some occasions the patient will be immobilized with a cast until the procedure has healed.
What is a total hip surgery?
The total hip surgery procedure removes all the diseased bone and cartilage from the hip joint and replaces them with artificial material. The hip joint is a ball and socket and these are removed and replaced by a metal ball and a plastic cup socket. These are fixed in place using bone cement.
Who requires Anterior Hip Surgery?
People who suffer from hip pain, stiffness and limited movement of the hip may be considered for anterior hip surgery if it is decided by the doctor that this is the treatment required. Anterior surgery has been proven to shorten recovery time and to minimize the pain.
What is Anterior Hip Surgery?
Anterior hip surgery is a procedure where the surgeon approaches the hip joint from the front instead of the side or back of the hip. This method allows the replacement of the hip without detaching either the pelvic or femur muscles during the surgery. The surgeon can work on the hip through the space between the muscles. The gluteal muscles, which are the most important for functioning of the hip, are not disturbed therefore require no healing process.
The anterior hip surgery has been performed in Europe since 1947. Since then the technique has been continually improving as medical techniques advanced. The number of patients who have benefitted from this minimally invasive surgery now runs into the thousands. The first anterior hip surgery performed in the United States was in 1996.
How does Anterior Hip Surgery Improve Recovery?
- Conventional Hip Replacement
Conventional hip replacement places restrictions on the type of movement the patient can do for around eight weeks after the surgery. The everyday activities, such as sitting on a chair become complicated as the hip can not be flexed to more than 90 degrees. Climbing stairs also becomes a difficult activity during the recovery stage.
- Anterior Hip Replacement
Anterior hip surgery gives the patient the ability to bend their hip immediately after the procedure. They can also put their full weight on the hip and these results in the hip returning to normal in a shorter time after the surgery. The patients are encouraged to use their hip as normal and before being discharged from the hospital they must be able to climb and descend stairs.
The anterior hip surgery has advanced as the medical techniques have improved. There is a high success rate using this procedure. Many patients choose this method as it is minimally invasive, there is less pain, and the recovery time is shorter than the other methods of hip replacement.
The anterior replacement is a process that keeps on refining itself with technological advancements in the medical field. The success rate of this surgical procedure is quite high and thus, the inmates prefer to go for this type of approach to minimize the pain that they suffer from and get recovered soon. The surgeons schedule some of the exercises which the patients must follow both before and after undergoing the hip replacement surgery to see fast recovery results.
It has been found that patients return to their normal activities after a short period of time after surgery. Participating in sports may be possible but only if your surgeon agrees. The most important thing is to listen to the advice given by the surgeon.
Are you planning to go for hip replacement surgery? If yes, you need to know what hip replacement infection is and how can you avoid it. Although hip replacement surgery improves your health condition by reducing pain in the hip and restoring the ability to perform routine activities, Hip Replacement Infection if caused can lead to serious problems. However, according to the
research there is only 0.5% chance of infection after surgery and therefore, it is not impossible to avoid hip replacement infection.
Hip replacement infection is caused by bacteria which enter our body through wounds or any other mode of entrance in the blood. Bacteria might also be present on the implant itself which worsens the condition and causes infection. Our immune system when functioning properly can kill bacteria in the blood but not the ones on the implant. Moreover, a faulty defense mechanism cannot prevent bacteria from causing an infection. Hip replacement infection can therefore be caused by a number of reasons like:
- Immune deficiencies
- Infection in any other part of the body
- Dental work
Hip replacement infection if caused can lead to severe consequences like pain in the hip and the spread of infection to the nearby joints. The condition can be cured by giving antibiotics to the patients however, it is very important to know which antibiotics should be administered as there are different antibiotics for different types of bacteria. For this purpose we will first need to know the type of bacteria causing infection. In addition to this, antibiotics might not be effective as scar tissue formed at the site of infection carries much less blood vessels and therefore fewer antibiotics to the area of infection.
In the situation where antibiotics are not effective, it becomes essential to remove the implant itself. In the surgery following the infection, the area of infection is cleaned out and new hip joint is implanted.
On the other hand, the surgery can be done safely by controlling the elements that cause hip replacement infection. The following guidelines should be
kept in mind when planning on a hip replacement surgery:
- Find an experienced surgeon for hip replacement surgery
- The equipment and the implant should be free from bacteria
- The surgery should be done by exposing the minimum possible area which can considerably reduce exposure to bacteria
- The patient should not be diabetic
- Proper tests of patient should be done beforehand.
- Antibiotics should be given before and after the surgery
Following these guidelines, you can always go for hip replacement surgery without the fear of contracting hip replacement infection.